hypercholesterolemia familial | Causes and Diagnosis

Hypercholesterolmia Familial

Hypercholesterolmia Familial

Hyper cholesterolmia occurs when blood cholesterol levels rise. Familial hyper cholesterolmia is an inherited condition. 

Cholesterol is derived from animal foods such as egg yolks, meat, fish, poultry, dairy products, etc. People with familial hypertension are unable to get rid of excess cholesterol and it builds up in the blood. 

Excess cholesterol increases the risk of heart disease. The condition is congenital but does not show symptoms until adulthood. 

People who inherit the disease from their parents usually experience their symptoms in childhood. If left untreated, the disease can often lead to death before the age of 60.

* Features;

         People with familial hypercholesterolemia have very high blood LDL cholesterol levels. LDL cholesterol is known as "bad" cholesterol because it can accumulate in the walls of arteries, making it hard and narrow.

          This extra cholesterol builds up in certain parts of the skin and around the eyes.


Cholesterol is usually accumulated on the hands, elbows and knees. It can also occur in the skin around the eyes.


Cholesterol can thicken the Achilles tendon along some tendons of the hand.


People with hypercholesterolemia and high cholesterol have gray or white circles around their eyes.

* Causes;

           Genetic and environmental risks play an important role in familial hyper cholesterolmia. The cause of high blood cholesterol and coronary artery disease is due to lifestyle like diet, exercise and tobacco smoking. Other factors include diabetes and obesity.

Hypercholesterolemia occurs when a person inherits FH from both parents.


People with familial hyper colestrlemiya have an increased risk of heart disease and death at an early age. Heart attacks can occur in men before the age of 50 and in women before the age of 50. If it is not treated in time, a person can die before the age of 60.


          Doctors will diagnose FH by asking about family history. The doctor may note any cholesterol deposits that have a BU. Physical examination The doctor usually checks the cholesterol in the skin around the hands, knees, elbows and eyes.

          A healthy lifestyle and home remedies can help reduce the risk of heart disease.

    * Losing weight lowers cholesterol.

     * Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

     * Exercise regularly.

     * Do not smoke. Find a way to quit if you smoke.

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